Disorders of the Intervertebral Disc

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Disorders of the Intervertebral Disc

What is it?

A common disorder of the Intervertebral Disc is the Degenerative disc disease which is when normal changes that take place in the disks of your spine cause pain.

Spinal discs are like shock absorbers between the vertebrae, or bones, of your spine. They help your back stay flexible, so you can bend and twist. As you get older, they can show signs of wear and tear. They begin to break down and may not work as well.

Nearly everyone’s disks break down over time, but not everyone feels pain. If worn-out spinal discs are the reason you’re hurting, you have degenerative disk disease.

What Causes It?

Your spinal disks are made up of a soft inner core and a tough outer wall. The discs change in ways that may cause degenerative disk disease, such as:Dry out. When you’re born, the discs in your spine are mostly made up of water. As you age, they lose water and get thinner. Flatter discs can’t absorb shocks as well. The water loss also means less cushion or padding between your vertebrae. This can lead to other problems in your spine that may cause pain.

The stress of everyday movements and minor injuries over the years can cause tiny tears in the outer wall, which contains nerves. Any tears near the nerves can become painful. And if the wall breaks down, the disk’s soft core may push through the cracks. The disc may bulge, or slip out of place, which is called a slipped or herniated disk. It can affect nearby nerves.

What are the Signs

Common signs include pain that:

  • Is in your lower back, buttocks, or upper thighs
  • Comes and goes. It can be nagging or severe, and can last from a few days to a few months.
  • Feels worse when you sit, and better when you move and walk
  • Feels worse when you bend, lift, or twist
  • Gets better when you change positions or lie down

In some cases, degenerative disc disease can lead to numbness and tingling in your arms and legs. It can also cause your leg muscles to become weak. This means the damaged disks may be affecting the nerves near your spine.


Our philosophy is to make the pain or the symptoms of the patient disappear “step by step”, meaning that not always is needed to undergo a major surgery when there are other ways to resolve the problem with the Endoscopic & Minimally Invasive Techniques that are used from our specialized team that is examining always the symptoms and the indications in order to use the best under guidelines technique to resolve the problem of the patient.