The Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Spine (endoscopic procedure of the spine), treats the whole spectrum of spinal conditions with less invasive advanced techniques. They are implemented with small incisions of the skin (~1cm) and the use of micro-endoscopic techniques under visual magnification. This prevents bleeding and minimizes the destruction of adjoining tissues, achieving a great surgical result. Thus, the patient usually leaves the hospital the same day, a few hours after the surgery, returning to his usual activities as soon as possible.
Endoscopic procedures include:
• Removal of the disc hernia as well as annuloplasty that means cauterization with radio frequency or laser fibers of the disc annulus, in order to strengthen it or reduce its size of the fibrous ring, in order to minimise post-operative pain and complications. • Rhizotomy, which treats low back pain which is caused by arthritis or inflammation of the posterior (facet) joints of the spine, cauterizing with radio frequencies or laser fibers the medial branch of the sensory nerves, that are responsible for the perception of the low back pain. • Relieving the pressure with fenestration or hemilaminectomy of the spine in cases such as the central stenosis of the spine. • Foraminoplasty that is the decompression of the nervous structure in a lateral-foraminal stenosis. • Endoscopic assisted fusion that through the endoscope and under local anaesthesia we introduce a cage usually expandable in the intervertebral disc space. Then under sedation and local anaesthesia we introduce percutaneous pedicle or facet screws depending on what is necessary for the patient’s spinal pathology.